Workshop Title:

Economic Development Issues in Times of Climate Crisis


August 4th, 2023 (GMT+3)


Danubius University from Galaţi


  • Economic Policy
  • Development
  • Climate Change
  • Green Policy
  • Environmental Degradation

Workshop Chair:

Professor Dr. Habil. Florian Marcel Nuţă
Professor Dr. Habil. in Danubius University from Galaţi

Personal Bio:

Florian Marcel Nuţă is a Professor Dr. Habil. at Danubius University from Galaţi, with over 17 years of teaching and research experience. He is affiliated with Ştefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Doctoral School of Social and Human Sciences, for research and doctoral supervision. His scientific research is conducted in the following fields: Environmental Accounting, Climate Change Economics, Energy Economics, Urban Environmental Accounting, Carbon Accounting, Green Taxation, and Public Policy.

He is involved in numerous editorial initiatives as editor-in-chief, editor, member of the international scientific board, and reviewer for scientific journals and international conferences, conducting more than 500 peer-reviews during his academic career.

Dr. Nuţă worked as a reviewer for Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Energy Efficiency, Resources Policy, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, Economic Research, Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Countries, Cogent Business and Management, and other peer-reviewed scientific journals.

Workshop Description:


Environmental issues are critical for national economies worldwide, and the mitigation of their adverse effects is a priority. There is a general agreement that economic activities, since the beginning of the industrial era, are responsible for endangering the ecological environment and for creating serious problems for natural habitats. However, the pollution that generated the climate change was possible due to the fact that between different regions existed chronical development gaps and their evolution was different in terms of pace and opportunities. Thus, for recovering the gaps some of them depended on foreign financial resources. To attract the needed investments, in many cases they used less strict environmental protection regulations as a competitive advantage. In other words, they became pollution havens, were less advanced technological production methods created economic output on the expense of deteriorating the ecological environment, excessive exploitation of raw natural resources, intensive energy consumption, and pollution.


The climate change effects and the climate change mitigation affects the whole world. However, developing and emerging economies are even more affected as they did not reach a certain development threshold that permits to absorb the costs. First, they need to keep a steady economic growth so they can recover the development gaps between them and developed countries. As recent research argues exiting the pollution haven situation into the pollution halo hypothesis need technological advancements that cannot be attained without having a strong economic output. Moreover, once the development and economic threshold reached, the environmental protection regulations will get stricter helping in pollution and climate change mitigation. The technological effect will ensure the implementation of new greener technologies, the diversification of energy mix by including more renewable sources, along with phasing out fossil fuels. At this stage, developing and emerging economies will cease to attract dirty industries and of being the destination of relocating pollution from developed countries, developing sustainable growth policies. The transition from pollution haven towards the manifestation of the pollution halo hypothesis, when the investments reduces environmental degradation is an important issue.

Scope and Information for Participants:

The main goal of the workshop is to generate an intense exchange of ideas and discuss topics related to the nexus between economic development and climate change mitigation. The workshop participants are welcome to involve in topics such as pollution haven hypothesis, technological spillovers, climate change resilience, carbon-free economic development, ecological environment quality, environmental degradation mitigation, environmental protection policies, green economic growth patterns, green transition for all, environmental-related poverty and inequalities, emerging economies green development issues, and other related subjects. The central point revolves around the new patterns for designing the pathways from pollution haven to green development.

The workshop format will favor debates, creating the premises for future research ideas development.


Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Danubius University from Galaţi, Bulevardul Galați 3, Galați 800654, Romania


The event took place as planned, August 4 at the premises of Danubius University, with the participation of students and faculty.

The topics covered by the workshop:

  • Pollution haven hypothesis
  • New sustainable development patterns
  • Environmental quality
  • Competitive advantages
  • Energy efficiency
  • Economic complexity
  • merging economies development patterns
  • Environmental protection policies
  • Globalization environmental impact
  • Green economic growth patterns

Debates highlights

The main presentation entitled Sustainable development options - from Pollution Havens to green development, opened the discussions and launched the debates among participants. The participants involved freely in debates starting from the topics covered by the main speaker. There were several major directions for debates: Globalization - the global market relationships affected development patterns worldwide. While developed countries had structural and institutional advantages allowing them to extract the benefits from going global, emerging and less developed economies were more sensitive to negative effects of globalization. Moving pollution from developed economies to less developed ones was one of the risk and negative effect of it;

Pollution haven hypothesis - the geo-political background of Central and Eastern European economies was a premise for confirming the PHH in these countries. Moving from a centralized system to open market made them very permissive to capital movement. The investment capital came together with pollution, environmental degradation, intensive natural resources exploitation, and energy intensive industries;

Economic development threshold - recent studies identified a certain economic development threshold after which global relationships cease to have negative impact upon former pollution havens. From this point on, these countries are more inclined to address environmental issues and implement ecological protection policies. Economic complexity have a moderating role in the impact of globalization upon environmental degradation.

Access to Workshop:

ICEMGD 2023 Workshop -- Galaţi - YouTube


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